“BETWEEN THE RURAL AND URBAN: RESEARCH - ACTION IN THE PERIPHERALS OF DISTRICTS 8 AND 14 OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF EL ALTO”
Study that has documented, from the voices of the actors and with them and not for them, the neighborhood situation of two urbanizations of the City of El Alto, with their particular problems, in which the problem of the social function of the housing, citizen insecurity in them, left alone because the population goes to work; the streets are dirt; transport that does not satisfy the departure and arrival of neighbors; the domestic water service that is cut, especially on weekends. The solutions to these problems differ because the local government does not recognize these demands as priorities, despite the catalytic role of the Neighborhood Councils in this task.
The neighbors are aware of their right to the city and know that the achievement and improvement of urban infrastructure can be achieved with the participation, mobilization and organized pressure of the neighbors, unlike other urbanizations whose services are real goods and that are accessed to the extent that you buy them.
The Board of neighbors in these urbanizations are fundamental actors and depending on their leadership capacity and confidence, they contribute to gradually achieve certain achievements, mainly related to urban infrastructure. They summon monthly assemblies and build participatory community settings where urban affairs in the neighborhood are discussed. There it is planned, there it is reviewed what has been achieved and some erratic processes are also denounced. In the assemblies determines the communal actions and the neighbors feel obliged to participate in the neighborhood improvements, especially on weekends. But by own initiatives they are organized in each street, to solve certain problems, especially related to the presence of thieves.
These two urbanizations are the result of Aymara migration from the rural provinces of the same department of La Paz and in the case of Cristal, they are also relocated mining migrants. It is they who have built these peripheral territories, which are neither urban nor rural and that must be taken into account in the construction of urban policies, because that is where urban growth has its vigor and vitalism
Derechos de autor 2020 REVISTA IIGEO
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